Zanzibar is an archipelago made up of Zanzibar and Pemba Islands, and several islets, it is a semi-autonomous state after it merged with Tanganyika to form the United Republic of Tanzania in 1964.
Zanzibar is characterized by beautiful sandy beaches with fringing coral reefs, and the magic of historic Stone Town – said to be the only functioning ancient town in East Africa. The beaches in Zanzibar are a paradise, interspersed with picturesque fishing villages, where the people live a simple way of life, unchanged over the years.
Zanzibar’s brilliant white beaches lapped by the warm turquoise waters of the Indian Ocean provide the perfect place to relax.
It is located in the Indian Ocean, about 25 miles from the Tanzanian coast, and 6° south of the equator. Zanzibar Island (known locally as Unguja, but as Zanzibar internationally) is 60 miles long and 20 miles wide, occupying a total area of approximately 650 square miles
Geographic Coordinates:6 S, 39 00 E
Map References: Africa
Total Land Area: 2,461 sq km
Population: 1,303,569; 2012 census
The local unit of currency is the Tanzanian Shilling, which is freely convertible within Tanzania for the US$ (US$1=TSH2,186) and other currencies. There are numerous banks and bureau de change in major towns. Credit cards are accepted at an increasing number of establishments in Tanzania .
The power supply is at the UK/European standard voltage of 220/240, and power sockets are the UK square pin type. If you want to use US appliances you will need a voltage converter as well as a plug converter.
Zanzibar experiences ideal holiday weather for most of the year. The heat of summer is seasonally often cooled by windy conditions, resulting in pleasant sea breezes, particularly on the North and East coasts. Being near to the equator, the islands are warm all year round, but officially, summer and winter peak in December and June respectively.
Zanzibar International Airport. Airport code ZNZ, Location is 4km (2.5 miles) from Stone town. Journey time is 15 Minutes.
Visa & Passports requirements:
Passports: A passport valid for at least six months beyond the date of entry to Tanzania is required by all nationals.
Visas: Visas for Tanzania are required by all nationals except Nationals of Cyprus and Romania, who do not require a visa.
You can obtain single-entry and transit visas on arrival at the port of entry into Tanzania. Passport photos are not required; all other requirements must be in place. However, multiple-entry business visas cannot be issued at the point of entry and you must obtain these in advance through Tanzania’s embassies.
Zanzibar is today mostly inhabited by ethnic Swahili, a Bantu population. There are also a number of Arabs, as well as some Indians. Zanzibaris speak Swahili.
Kiswahili or Swahili (official), Kiunguja (name for Swahili in Zanzibar), English (official, primary language of commerce, administration, and higher education), Arabic (widely spoken in Zanzibar), many local languages
About 98 percent of the population in Zanzibar is Muslim. There are also active communities of other religious groups, primarily on the mainland, such as Buddhists, Hindus, Sikhs, and Bahá'ís.